Introduction: Genetic Algorithms in Visual Art and Music

Genetic algorithms, invented by John Holland in the 1970s, are part of a heuristic method that abstracts the processes found in biological evolution and simulates them on a computer. A number of researchers have investigated the use of genetic algorithms in artistic domains and the Genetic Algorithms in Visual Art and Music workshop was held to review the state of the art in this area. This paper gives a perspective on the various arms of research into artificial artistic systems using evolutionary techniques : interactive systems, systems based on examples, rule-based systems, and autonomous systems.